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# 43663

Anton Graff-School "Louise Eleonore zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg and her brother", ca. 1780

3500  EUR
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 3500 USD

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As we strongly believe the depicted persons are the 16/17-year-old Princess Louise Eleonore zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg and one of her brothers (who exactly - remains unknown - no other comparable portraits of them were to find on Web).

Our identification of the female sitter as Louise Eleonore is based on comparison with her possible portrait by pastelist Johann Heinrich Schroeder (see our image nr.7). The latter belongs to the collection of the State Museum of Meiningen, native town of artist Schroeder and since 1782 residence town of Louise Eleonore who after her marriage became Duchess of Sachsen-Meiningen-Coburg. This pastel portrait bears on verso authentic (!) old inscription: "Eleonore Luise Herzogin zu Saxen-Cobourg" which strongly supports our idea that we are dealing in our case with a reliable portrait of Louise Eleonore. Also the latter's portraits as an adult woman (see our images nr.8-9) demonstrate the same physiognomic characteristics.
Neil Jeffares, author of "Dictionary of pastelists before 1800", in its online edition shows this portrait of Schroeder as that...of British Royal Princess Charlotte Auguste Mathilde (1766-1828) who through her marriage in 1797 (at the age of 31!) became Crown Princess of Württemberg (and later queen of this state). Our female sitter was surely depicted about 1780 (according to her dress and hairstyle) and surely not by a British but by a German (according to the technique typical for German School) artist, probably one of the pupils of Dresden court portraitist Anton Graff. On the contrary, all known portraits of Princess Charlotte Auguste Mathilde show a completely different person.
We believe that Neil Jeffares' definition of Schroeder's (and respectively "our") girl as the future Queen of Württemberg is absolutely wrong.
For the biography of Princess Louise Eleonore zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg see our images nr.10-11.

Anton Graff (1736 Winthertur, Switzerland - 1813 Dresden) was a Swiss painter, active in Germany. He began his studies as a pupil of Johann Ulrich Schellenburg (1709-95) in Winterthur and continued his training with etcher Johann Jakob Haid in Augsburg between 1756 and 1765.
He worked for the court painter Leonhard Schneider (1716-62) in Ansbach from 1757 to 1759, producing large numbers of copies of a portrait of Frederick the Great (probably by Antoine Pesne); then, returned to work in Augsburg, followed by Munich and Regensburg, and quickly gained popularity as a portraitist. He lived in Augsburg until 1764. His time there was an important step in furthering his career, as were the months he spent in Regensburg (1764-5) painting miniatures of clerics and town councillors. He was court painter to the Elector Frederick-Christian of Saxe-Weimar in Dresden from 1766 and taught at the Hochschule der Bildende Künste there.
Portrait commissions from his progressive circle of friends gave rise to repeated trips to Berlin.
In 1771 he travelled to Berlin, where he painted portraits of Jakob Mendelssohn, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and J. G. Sulzer. Sulzer introduced him at court, which also resulted in many commissions. He was invited several times to teach at the Akademie der Künste in Berlin, but he remained in Dresden. In 1789, he took a professorship at the Academy of Dresden.
He often travelled to Leipzig, and in summer he frequently went to Teplitz (now Teplice, Czech Republic) and Karlsbad (now Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic); he also worked in Berlin on several occasions and returned to Switzerland for visits.
Graff is considered, along with Johann Friedrich August Tischbein, to be the most important German portrait painter of the second half of 18th century.

Provenance: private collection, France

midec01ap15

Condition: good; in original German Neoclassical wood-and-brass frame

Creation Year: ca 1780

Measurements: UNFRAMED:10,2x8,0cm/4,0x3,1in FRAMED: 14,0x11,5cm/5,5x4,5in

Object Type: Framed miniatures

Style: Portrait Miniatures

Technique: both: silverpoint and watercolor on prepared card (oval)

Inscription: -

Creator: Anton Graff
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!

Creator Dates: 1736 Winterthur-1813 Dresden

Nationality: Swiss / German

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