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# 43592

"Major General Piotr Petrovich Chertorizhskyi", Russian miniature on ivory, 1770

6500  EUR
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 6500 USD

( for EUR price see date rate )
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According to the old legend on verso (see our image nr.6) it is a miniature portrait of a certain "Piotr Petrovich Chartorizhskyi in "vits-mundir" (everyday uniform) of Horse Guards".

Not much was to find online about this man, except for scarce information saying he was born in 1734, presumably at his family estate in village Lyubanovo, Vereyskyi Uezd, Moskovskaya Gubernia.
On 22nd September 1767 he was promoted to brigadier (rank in Russian army between colonel and major general) and exactly one year later, on 22nd September 1768 he was raised to major general. In 1770 (see image nr.10) he was awarded the Order of St. Anna (see his red sash and breast star) and died on 13th August 1771.

Several days after we acquired this miniature at the sale of Berlin auction house "Bassenge" on the 26th of November 2020 we published it with our commentary in the facebook - group "Starye portrety" ("Old portraits"; this group was founded by Russian art historians) and immediately received extensive comments from our (until then unknown to us) "competitor" (the underbidder at the auction sale) - Mr. Gennadi Podborodnikov (Moscow). The latter is one of the founders of memorial museum formed now in villadge Lyubanovo, at the birth place of our sitter. In his comment (see image nr.12) he provides the true biographical information concerning our general.

So, Piotr Petrovich Chartorizhskyi was born in 1736 (not in 1734 as one finds in the Russian Web) at family estate Lyubanovo (see image nr.), then Borovskoy Uezd (later this uezd became part of Vereyskyi Uezd (now Naro-Fominskyj district of Moskovskaya Oblast'). He was born as a second son (besides him there were two other sons (Fedor and Michail) and five daughters (Marfa, Agafena, two Alexandras and one other). His father was captain of the Russian army Piotr Stepanovich Chertorizhskyi (he died in 1746, when our Piotr Petrovich was 10). The father was a descendant of a very old Russian branch (it roots begin with Prince Vasili Semenovich Czartoryski (1st third of 16th century)) of Polish principality family Czartoryski (today no traces of our Piotr Petrovich or his father in genealogical table of this family (completed by Polish historians) are found).
In documents concerning the Lyubanovo branch one finds four (!) versions of this family name - ChErtorizhskyi, ChArtorizhskyi, ChIrtorizhskyi, ChYrtorizhskyi.
Lyubanovo was in the possession of this family from 1647 to 1881, i. e. for 234 years.

Our Piotr Petrovich began literacy training at the age of 7 (his tutor was his maternal uncle). In 1749 (aged 11) he was ascribed to the Guards (a usual custom for boys of Russian noble families).
In 1759 he is listed as "artillery poruchik" (lieutenant).
In 1760/61 he participated in the Seven Year's War; from 1769 - in the Russo-Turkish War (1769-1774).
It is still unknown how he died on 13th August 1771 - of illness? or was he killed?

From Mr. Podborodnikov's comment we also learn that one of the general's sisters-in-law, the wife of his younger brother (and fliegel-adjutant of Tsar Peter III) Michail, Sofia Stepanovna, nee Ushakova (CLICK HERE) became (being "freilina" (lady-in-waiting) at St. Petersburg Court after Michail's death) mistress of Grand Duke Pavel Petrovich (future Tsar Paul I) and in 1772 gave birth to his son Semion (Semion Afanasjevich Velikyi (1772-1794; CLICK HERE). Shortly after the birth of this child she married Count Piotr Kirillovich Razumovskyi.

Concerning the "vits-mundir of the Horse Guards" (meant is Life Guards Konnyi (Horse) Regiment) mentioned on verso we have to say that the depicted uniform is not that but instead the usual vits-mundir of a general with "cavalry" embroidery (so informed us Russian military artist and uniformologist Roberto Palasios-Fernandes).

Conclusion: we are dealing here with a reliable portrait of a cavalry major general Piotr Petrovich Chertorizhskyi, ordered by the latter in 1770, just after his awarding of the Order of St. Anna.

Our image nr.15 shows another miniature from the same 19th century collection completed in Russia; one sees written by the same hand legend on verso.

We are very grateful to Gennadi Podborodnikov for his generous help.

Condition: good

Creation Year: 1770

Measurements: UNFRAMED:7,5x6,0cm/3,0x2,4in FRAMED: 8,2x6,7cm/3,2x2,6in

Object Type: Framed miniature

Style: Portrait miniatures

Technique: watercolor on ivory (oval)

Inscription: old legend on verso

Creator: Russian School
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!

Creator Dates: -

Nationality: Russian

SHIPPING OPTIONS:

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