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H.-F.-G. Viollier-?? "Architect Nikolai Alexandrovich Lvov", interesting miniature on ivory!, 1780/90s
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 5500 USD
( for EUR price see date rate )
Please note: Shipping and insurance costs are not included in this promotion, ONLY ITEM PRICES!
(please note additional Austrian VAT tax applies for transactions concluded within the European Union)
THE SELLER WILL COVER SHIPPING WITH REGULAR MAIL FOR THIS ITEM!
This miniature on ivory, acquired in 2007 at one of the sales of Cologne auction house "van Ham", came to sale (together wth several other paintings) delivered by a descendant of late 18th century, German artist Johann Christoph Rincklake. Despite the absence of latter's signature the auctioneers believed to also deal here with a work of the latter (although after a brief search we could not find similar works in that artist's oeuvre).
Thirteen years later, in June of 2020, well-known Moscow art historian Alexander B. Savinoff recognized this portrait as an altered copy after a portrait of Russian architect Nikolai Alexandroivich Lvov (1753-1803) executed in 1774 by the great Levitsky (see our images nr.10-11). Author of this miniature (surely one working in Russia in the late 18th century) set the original image into a park landscape, adding attributes of an architect - draft and calliper.
It seems that this miniature was made in the 1780s/1790s and as first in question we would name the Swiss-born miniaturist then working at the Russian Court - Henri-Francois-Gabriel Viollier. The latter is known for an interesting method - he often set sitters of portraits by other artists into landscape (for example see our web # 41204).
For the extensive biography of A. N. Lvov see our image nr.12.
Henri Francois Gabriel Viollier was born in 1750 in Geneva into a family of a goldsmith. He spent his youth in France. In 1774 he entered the service of Grand Duke of Wuerttemberg. Viollier's earliest works are dated 1776-1778. In 1780 he came to Russia. In 1781-1782 he accompanied Grand Duke Paul and his wife Maria Fedorovna on their journey through Europe. In 1784 he was appointed as an artist at the Court of Grand Duke Paul and "inspector of cabinets and galleries". In 1785 the St. Petersburg Imperial Academy granted him a title of a "naznachenny" ("appointed") artist. In the 1780s he was active in various artistic fields: decoration of the palace and garden pavilions in Pavlovsk, architectural construction projects in Gatchina and (later) of Michailovski Palace in St. Petersburg.
After 1791 he lived in Moscow (sic!). In 1797 Viollier was appointed "Inspector of cabinet of miniatures" in St. Petersburg and raised in rank to "nadvorny sovetnik" (court councilor). In 1800 he married Russian woman Elena Salina and lived with her until January 1806 in Pavlovsk. He then lived in Germany (Wiesbaden), then - in Paris. In 1812 he returned to Russia, where he died in 1829 in St. Petersburg.
Works of Henri Francois Gabriel Viollier are on display in the Hermitage and the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg, at Pavlovsk Museum, Moscow Tretyakov Gallery and State Historical Museum, Museum of Kremlin, etc.
CLICK HERE FOR OTHER WORKS OF THIS ARTIST IN OUR POSSESSION
We are very grateful to Alexander B. Savinoff for his generous help
Condition: good; in original frame
Creation Year: 1780/90s
Measurements: UNFRAMED:6,0x5,0cm/2,4x2,0in FRAMED: 8,1x6,0cm/3,2x2,4in
Object Type: Framed miniature
Style: Portrait Miniatures
Technique: watercolor on ivory
Creator: Henri Francois Gabriel Viollier
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!
Creator Dates: 1750 Geneva-1829 St. Petersburg
Nationality: Swiss / Russian
- We will cover shipping with regular registered mail (delivery between 7-14 days) for this item.
OBS: Austrian mail refunds cases of loss or damage with maximum EUR 500.
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