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Domenico Bossi (1767-1853) "Portrait of Russian "freilina"", important miniature!!, 1802/03
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 8500 USD
( for EUR price see date rate )
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This miniature by Domenico Bossi, which is on view here, shows a young lady who is dressed and hairstyled according to fashion of 1800/03. She is decorated with a "shifr" (set with diamonds badge in form of monogram "EM") of one of "freilinas" (ladies-in-waiting; CLICK HERE) of either widowed Empress Maria Fedorovna (consort of killed in 1801 Emperor Paul I of Russia) or her daughter-in-law and now new Empress, Elizaveta Alexeevna (consort of Alexander I).
From 1795 to 1801 (reign of Paul I) this "shifr" housed only one latter - "M". Since 1801 and till 1828 (death of Maria Fedorovna) "shifr" contained two latters: first - of the name of current empress (in our case "E" - for Elizaveta Alexeevna; or (between 1825-1828) letter "A" (for Alexandra Fedorovna, consort of Nikolai I). The second letter in that period (1801-1828) was always "M" (see our images nr.15-16).
Unfortunatelly identity of our young lady remains unknown. She is surely one of"freilinas" of both empresses (Elizaveta Alexeevna and Maria Fedorovna), who between 1802 (Bossi's arrival to St.Petersburg) and 1803 (as said above we are dealing with portrait executed in early 1800s) were young and still umarried ("freilina"'s precondition) and concerning whom we don't know any portraits for comparison...
On 3rd of June 2020, at Stockholm auction house "Bukowskis" was sold (US $8,632+25%) another miniature portrait of "freilina" by Bossi (see our image nr.17).
Domenico (Gian Domenico or Giovanni Domenico) Bossi was, according to the latest information, born in 1767 (and not in 1765, as it was previously believed) in Triest and died in 1853 in Munich.
In the 1780's, Bossi attended the Academy of Venice. Later, in 1794-96, he was active in Hamburg, and - in 1796-1802 - in Stockholm (in 1799 Bossi became a member of the Swedish Academy and a Court Portrait Miniature Painter). The following ten years between 1802-1812 he spent (apart from short breaks) in St. Petersburg; 1812-1813/14 - in Paris, and from 1814/15 ? - in Vienna, where in 1818 the artist became a member of the Vienna Academy, and where he exhibited in the years 1816, 1822, 1824, and 1826. At last, from 1840, Bossi settled in Munich.
Domenico Bossi belongs to the best miniaturists of his time. He worked in the late Neoclassical style and produced a large number of miniatures with portraits of European royalties and members of high aristocracy.
Two of his portrait miniatures - one of Tsar Alexander I (1807) and one of M.A. Naryshkina (1808) - are on display in the St. Petersburger Hermitage. The Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam houses another portrait of Alexander I by Bossi. Similarly, various others of his works belong to museum collections in St. Petersburg (Russian Museum), Berlin, Stockholm, Vienna, etc.
Our images nr.12-14 show several other works of Domenico Bossi that were offered at the international art auction marked in the last years.
Provenance: auction house "Lempertz", Cologne / Germany, November 14th 2014, lot 619
We are very grateful to Mrs. Anna Nats for her generous help
Creation Year: 1802/03
Measurements: UNFRAMED:10,5x8,4cm/4,1x3,3in FRAMED: 14,6x13,3cm/5,7x5,2in
Object Type: Framed miniature
Style: Portrait Miniatures
Technique: silverpoint and watercolor on prepared card
Inscription: signed: D. Bossi fecit
Creator: Domenico Bossi
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!
Creator Dates: 1767 Triest-1853 Munich
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