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# 43144

J. M. Holder-Follower "Princess Maria Romanovna von Lieven", fine miniature, 1835/36

2250  EUR
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 2250 USD

( for EUR price see date rate )
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The relatively young (we estimate her age as between 25 and 35) lady on this small watercolor portrait wears a Russian Court dress (obligatory for presence at Imperial Court - see our images nr.10-14) from the turn of 1830s. Besides that she is decorated with so-called "Small Cross" of Russian Ladies Order of St.Catherine (it is order's 2nd class; the ladies in possession of this award bore title "Kavalerstvennaya Dama" (see image nr.9); this award provided also the admission to be present at every court event).

The visual age of the lady (25/35 years) and approximate date of miniature's execution (turn of 1830s) led us to search for suitable candidate among ladies-awardees who were born about 1800 and who were awarded the "Small Cross" before the mid-1830s.
So our first step was to turn to online-list of awardees of 2nd class of St.Catherine (the latter contains portraits of almost (!) each of them (CLICK HERE)).
After meticulously checking all suitable candidates we came to the conclusion that the absolutely first in question would be Princess Maria Romanovna von Lieven, wife of celebrated Russian general, Serene Prince Ivan Andreevich von Lieven (CLICK HERE). Our image nr. 14 shows only known portrait of this woman, on which she is in approximately the same age as our sitter - strong physiognomical resemblance!

Princess Maria Romanovna (birth name: Marie Dorothee Margareth) von Lieven was born on 20th May 1797 (sic! in 1830 she was 33) as daughter of well-known Russian general, representative of German-Baltic nobility, Roman Karlovich (Heinrich Reinhold) von Anrep (CLICK HERE) and his wife (and cousin) Wilhelmina Karlovna von Anrep (the latter was also a "Kavalerstvennaya Dama" (since 1809)).
Maria Romanovna was educated in St.Petersburg "Smolny Institute". In 1817 she married Count (since 22nd August 1826 - Serene Prince) Ivan Andreevich von Lieven. On 29th February 1828, for "husband's distinctions" she was awarded "Small Cross" of St.Catherine.
With her husband she had five children (CLICK HERE again for husband's biography).
She died on 22nd December 1839 at her castle Mescoten (now in Latvia).

Unfortunatelly we could not find any information concerning author of this high quality miniature - Russian (due to cyrillic letters) monogramist "Ya K". In each case he was a professional artist, probably even with an academical education...

P.S.
On 25th October 2019 this story found an interesting turn out. On that day, we learned that there is an identical portrait - also a miniature - in museum-estate "Muranovo" near Moscow - by German miniaturist Johann Michel Holder (1796 Hidrizheim - 1861 Stuttgart) staying in St.Petersburg since 1833/34. This miniature on ivory is signed by the latter and dated 1835 (see our image nr.15). Comparison of both works speaks clearly (concerning the initial authorship) in favour of Holder. So we come to conclusion that our version was executed shortly thereafter (probably commissioned by Princess von Lieven to be presented to her relatives).
But what a surprise: - in museum "Muranovo" our lady bears another name: Countess Alexandra Nikolaevna Vyazmitinova, nee Engelhardt (1767-1848)!! The latter was also (since 1804) a "Kavalerstvennaya Dama", but this single fact doesn't allow to insist that our sitter is 68-year-old woman! Besides that the visual comparison of our portrait and the reliable one of Princess Vyazmitinova (in the same Museum "Muranovo" - see image nr.17) doesn't reserve any chance for the latter!


Johann Michael Holder (1796 Hidrizheim - 1861 Stuttgart) studied in Stuttgart, Munich, Dresden, Prague and Paris, copying numerous old master paintings in miniature. For his work, Holder was made the honorary member of the Academy of Dresden. In 1836 he studied at the Academy of St. Petersburg, where he painted a portrait of his fellow-student A.J. Sauerweid and showed a portrait of the artist A. Varneck at the academic exhibition. Also in St. Petersburg, Holder produced some paintings in oil. Amongst his sitters were royalties and statesmen (for example, King of Wuerttemberg, Minister Otto, Duke Adolf von Nassau, Prince Alexander Hohenlohe, Prince von Bayern, etc.).

See also our web # 34248

Provenance:
1) private estate, Weimar, Germany
2) private collector living in Gelmeroda (suburb of Weimar)

Condition: good; in original matting and frame

Creation Year: 1835

Measurements: UNFRAMED:9,5x6,5cm/3,7x2,6in FRAMED: 19,4x17,4cm/7,6x6,9in

Object Type: Framed miniature

Style: Portrait miniatures

Technique: watercolor on paper (oval)

Inscription: cyrillic monogram "Ya K"

Creator: Russian School
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!

Creator Dates: -

Nationality: Russian

SHIPPING OPTIONS:

  • We will cover shipping with regular registered mail (delivery between 7-14 days) for this item.

  • OBS: Austrian mail refunds cases of loss or damage with maximum EUR 500.

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