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# 43141

Mme Juliette-Sophie Serec "Capitaine Fauchier", interesting miniature on ivory!!, 1822

2900  EUR
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 2900 USD

( for EUR price see date rate )
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Authentic old legend on verso of this good quality, signed and dated 1822 miniature provides name of depicted, mid-aged captain (two golden epaulettes with thin cord) of French "corps royal de etat-major" (General Staff of Royal Army - aiguilette on his right shoulder) - "Monsieur Fauchier, second mari (second husband - B.W.) de la marquise de la Valette" (see image nr. 8). He is decorated with Chevalier Cross of Royal Orden of Legion of Honor.

We spent some time online in the attempt to find biographical information about this man. Finally we learned that his full name was Pierre-Antoine-Benoit Fauchier. He was born on 21st July 1783 in Lyon as a son of local merchant Pierre Fauchier (the latter is mentioned in 1790 as "marchand drapier" (cloth-maker), living in rue des Trois-Carreaux, Lyon).
We don't know the details of his early career; in each case we learned that in 1809 he was promoted (obviously after graduating of military school) to sous-lieutenant in 47th Line Infantry Regiment and in 1812 was raised to lieutenant. Between 1809-1814 he participated in Peninsular War (Spain) and in ranks of Grande Armee fighted in Germany and France. On 17th March 1815 (three days before Napoleon's arrival to Paris ("Hundred Days")) he was awarded by Louis XVIII Chevalier Cross of Legion. After Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo he came in late 1815 (early 1816?) to the new-formed Line Infantry Regiment "Legion du Morbihan" where he obtained position of a "lieutenant adjutant-major" (adjutant of one of regiment's battalions). On 23rd April 1817 he was raised to captain.
On 12th December 1818 he was transferred to "corps royal d'etat-major". In 1826 he was awarded Chevalier Cross of Order of St.Louis.
In 1829 we find him in headquarters of 12th Military District in Nantes. He is mentioned there as an aide-de-camp of "marechal de camp" (brigade general) Nicolas Rene Marie de Penfentenyo, vicomte de Cheffontaines.
On 5th May 1833 he obtained Officer Cross of Legion of Honor and six years later, on 10th March 1839 he was raised to "chef d'escadron".
He retreated from service in 1843 (not 1841 as some sources say). Date and place of his death remain unknown.

His wife, called in legend on verso "marquise de la Valette" had in reality another birth name. She was born in 1773 as Bonne Etienne Louise de Monistrol, daughter of a post director. In 1792 she married five years her senior General Duverdee, marquis de la Valette. The latter died in 1804 and twelve years later, on 5th July 1816, she (as widowed marquise de la Valette") married in Lorient our (still lieutenant) "Monsieur Fauchier" (he was ten years her junior!).

Signed and dated - "Serec 1822" - this miniature is an extremely rare on current antique market work of French female miniaturist Juliette Serec.
Benezit and Lemoine-Bouchard provide very limited information about this woman; the former says she was mentioned as working in 1828, the latter mentions Mme (sic!) Juliette Serec (1801-1829) whose portrait was executed in 1820 by miniaturist G. E. Lami (it was offered at art auction in Paris, in 2002 - see our image nr.16).
Through brief web search we came to important genealogical information concerning this artist.
It turned out this woman was either the sister-in-law of our Captain Fauchier or her daughter - both ladies bore name Juliette Serec. The mother, younger sister of "marquise de la Valette" was called at birth Juliette-Sophie de Monistrol. She married Louis-Joseph Serec. She gave birth to two children - son and daughter. The latter, also Juliette, married in 1818 General Breche and consenquently became "Mme Breche". It is very doubtful that after the wedding (i.e. in 1822 (our case)) she could sign with her maiden name.
What surely did "Mme Juliette Serec", her mother. The latter yet was born surely before 1800 (first date on verso of miniature by G- E- Lami - see above). Her daughter was born in 1801. We guess the inscription on verso of Lami's miniature is partially wrong (at least concerning birth date of "Mme Juliette Serec"). Besides that the lady on this miniature looks much older than Mlle Julitte Serec (already Mme Breche), who was in 1820 only 19.
Our conclusion: the artist is Mme Juliette-Sophie Serec, nee de Monistrol. She was born in ca. 1780, probably in Lorient, Bretagne and died probably in 1829.
The aforementioned miniaturist G. E. Lami (see his works in our possession) was one of the best pupils of great Jean-Baptiste Jacques Augustin and close friend of latter. It is very possible that our Mme Juliette-Sophie Serec also visited Augustin's studio - high quality of presented here miniature is the best evidence for that.

Provenance: antique shop in La-Croix-en-Touraine, department Indre-et-Loire, France

Condition: good; in original frame

Creation Year: 1822

Measurements: UNFRAMED:7,2x5,8cm/2,8x2,3in FRAMED: 14,6x12,4cm/5,7x4,9in

Object Type: Framed miniature

Style: Portrait miniatures

Technique: watercolor on ivory

Inscription: signed and dated: Serec 1822

Creator: Mme Juliette-Sophie Serec
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!

Creator Dates: ca.1780-1829

Nationality: French

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