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"Feldwebel Joseph Grünwald from Austrian Infantry Regiment No. 3", interesting miniature!, 1809
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 1450 USD
( for EUR price see date rate )
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THE SELLER WILL COVER SHIPPING WITH REGULAR MAIL FOR THIS ITEM!
The sitter of this miniature portrait, a relatively young man (his hairstyle corresponds to the period between late 1800's-early 1810s) wears a uniform of a NCO (non-commissioned officer) of the Austrian Line Infantry Regiment No. 3 ("Archduke Carl"). Besides that, he is decorated with the then highest award of Austrian soldiers and NCOs - golden "Tapferkeitsmedaille" (Medal "For bravery"; see our image nr.7).
As we learn from the standard source - "Geschichte des K.u.K. Infanterie-Regiments Erzherzog Carl Nr. 3" by Julius Stanka, Vienna 1894 (see our image nr. 8 with corresponding clips), in the whole period of Napoleonic Wars (i. e. from 1790s to 1815) only two NCOs of 3rd Regiment were awarded a golden (sic!) "Tapferkeitsmedaille", both for the campaign of 1809 - Feldwebel (sergeant) Grünwald and corporal Jakob Bayer.
The first of them - Grünwald - distinguished himself at the Battle of Aspern-Essling (21/22 May 1809) as he took command over the company after all officers of his company were wounded. Also at the following Battle of Wagram (5/6 July 1809) he lead his company in the fight.
The second awardee - Jakob Bayer from 1st Grenadier Company of 3rd Regiment - saved at Aderklaa (Battle of Wagram) his lieutenant, as the latter was captured by five Frenchmen; he killed three of them and captured the fourth.
We can hardly imagine that the sitter of this portrait (based on his looks only) could in a short hand-to-hand fight kill three man and take one more as a prisoner (armed only with a musket he would have been able to discharge only one shot at first; then he would have had no time for reloadiing and continued to fight either with his bayonet or with bare hands) - he must have been strong as an ox. Besides that, the modest means of a corporal would not have been sufficient to commission this portrait from a professional miniaturist. In comparison, the salary of a senior NSO - Feldwebel - was much higher.
So our favourite candidate would be NCO No. 1 - Feldwebel Joseph Grünwald (see also images nr.9--10). Unfortunately no biographical information concerning this man was to be found. Due to high losses among privates and NCOs in campaigns of 1813/15 it is very possible that he was no longer alive after 1815...
Provenance: US private collection
Condition: fairly good, in original frame
Creation Year: 1809
Measurements: UNFRAMED:5,6x4,3cm/2,2x1,7in FRAMED: 12,8x11,0cm/5,0x4,3in
Object Type: Framed miniature
Style: Portrait miniatures
Technique: watercolor on ivory (oval)
Creator: Austrian School
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!
Creator Dates: -
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