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# 42587

J.-B. Lampi II-Attrib. "Austrian Lieutenant Field Marshal Karl Alois de Rohan-Guemene", 1823, RARITY!!

6500  EUR
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 6500 USD

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This work appears to be second known oil portrait (the fist one, showing him in costume of a Knight of Austrian Order of Golden Fleece, is to see in Sychrov Castle, Czech Republic - see ouir image nr.8) of celebrated French emigre, Austrian warlord of Napoleonic epoch - Karl Alois (Alain) Prince de Rohan, Duke de Montbazon, Prince de Guemene, Duke de Buillon (1764-1836). This small painting was executed probably in the same year as large-scala portrait in Sychrov Castle - just after awarding (1823) Golden Fleece.

Karl Alois (Charles Alain) Gabriel Prince de Rohan-Guemene was born on 18 January 1764 at the Palace of Versailles and was baptised the same day in the Notre Dame. He was the oldest son of Henti Louis de Rohan and his distant cousin Victoire de Rohan. His mother was governess to the children of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI; she was succeeded by Madame de Polignac. After his parents became disgraced with his fathers debts, the family moved from Versailles and had to sell their famous townhouse, the Parisian Hotel de Rohan-Guemene (CLICK HERE).
His cousins included the Prince de Conde, son of Charlotte de Rohan, sister of his mother; the Abbess de Remiremont was also his cousin.
In 1791, like thousands of other French aristocrats, he (and his whole family including his parents and two younger brothers) emigrated from France and settled in Austria where he joined the Imperial Army and was promoted to major. In 1798 he was raised to colonel, on 29 October 1800 - to major general. and on 2 September 1807 - to lieutenant field marschal. He retreated from military service in 1815.
After the death of his fatherhe obtained latter's titles of Prince de Rohan and Duke de.Montbazon.

On our portrait Prince de Rohan is depicted in age of 59, wearing his old uniform of Austrian lieutenant field marshal and bearing badge of the aforementioned Golden Fleece and chest cross of the Knight of Austrian Military Maria-Theresian Order (awarded on 18 August 1801).
He died on 24 April 1836, in his Bohemian Sycrov Castle which he acquired still in 1820 (CLICK HERE). Our images nr.9-11 provide his extensive biography.
We add that both his brothers - Ludwig Viktor (1766-1846) and Julius Armand Ludwig (1768-1836) - also became Austrian generals.

Our comparison images nr.12-22 convincingly demonstrate that this extremely qualitative portrait could (with high degree of probability) be a work of one of Vienna's leading early-19th-century portraitists, Johann Baptist Lampi the Younger.

Johann Baptist von Lampi the Younger (1775 Trento - 1837 Vienna) was the son of the famous Italo-Austrian portrait painter Johann Baptist Lampi the Elder. In 1783 he came with his father to Vienna, where he studied at the Academy under Fueger and Maurer from 1786. In 1794 he left the Academy to continue his education under his father. In 1795 Lampi the Younger followed his father to St.Petersburg, where, in the same year, he was appointed to Agrée ("naznachenny") of St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Fine Arts for a copy after the portrait of A.I. Samoylov and, in 1797, to Academician (full member of the Academy) for a portrait of historical painter I.A. Akimov. In September 1804, together with his wife and daughter, Lampi the Younger left St. Petersburg and returned to Vienna. Since that time he (and his family) lived with his father and, like the latter, established himself as a very popular portraitist of the noble society. In 1813, he became a member of the Viennese Academy and, later, also an Honorary Citizen of the City of Vienna.
Portraits by Johann Baptist von Lampi the Younger are often difficult to distinguish from those of his father.

Provenance: English private collection (erroneously thought to be a portrait of King George III - ???)

We are very grateful to our friend, well-known Austrian specialist in Napoleonic epoch, Leopold Kudrna for his generous help

midec11ap17

Condition: good, in latter-day frame

Creation Year: 1823

Measurements: UNFRAMED:20,8x16,3cm/8,2x6,4in FRAMED: 34,5x31,0cm/13,6x12,2in

Object Type: Framed oil painting

Style: 19th century paintings

Technique: oil on paintboard

Inscription: -

Creator: Johann Baptist von Lampi the Younger
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!

Creator Dates: 1775 Trento-1837 Vienna

Nationality: Austrian


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