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# 42118

H. F. Fueger-Circle "Vienna actress Christiane Weidner", rare miniature on ivory!!, ca. 1785

Price: 3500  EUR

(please note additional 13% tax applies for transactions concluded within the European Union)

The sitter is erroneously referred to (see our image nr.5 for the legend written in early 19th century by one of this work's previous owners) as Archduchess Elisabeth Wilhelmine of Austria, nee Princess of Wuerttemberg (1767-1790; first wife of future Kaiser Franz II). Nevertheless comparison with number of known portraits of this royalty explodes a myth of her suggeste identity.

In reality, it is a portrait of famous Vienna actress of the 18th century, Chrisiane Weidner, nee Lorenz, in first marriage Huber (1730-1799; see our image nr.6 with latter's extensive biography). Like the representation in our image nr.7 she is depicted on this miniature in the role of "Queen Elisabeth" from the play "Gunst des Fürsten" ("Grace of Prince) by Banks, Broke and Ralph, which she performed in 1780s at Vienna "Hofburgtheater" (court theatre)..

This miniature portrait of her was executed in the mid-1780s by one of Viennese miniaturists working in manner (pupil?) of famous Austrian Neoclassical artist (also miniaturist!) Heinrich Friedrich Fueger.

Heinrich Friedrich Fueger (1751 Heilbronn - 1818 Vienna) was a German-Austrian neoclassical artist born in Heilbronn, Germany in 1751. He began autodidactically with miniature portraits and as a young boy was shortly trained by the artist Guibal in Ludwigsburg. However he returned to Heilbronn to study law in 1768 and during his university studies continued painting portrait miniatures. His interest in painting grew and he dedicated himself to studying art as pupil of Oeser in Leipzig. He exhibited succesfully at the Dresdner Academy and moved to Dresden, where he worked until the year 1774 then moving to Vienna. He soon enjoyed the interest of the Imperial House and other influential sponsors in Vienna and traveled to Rome on a scolarship in 1776 studying the classical works, Raffael, Annibal Caracci and Domenichino. Among his contemporaries the artists Mengs, Trippel and David had a strong influence on his works. He returned to Vienna in 1783 to be appointed the Vice-director of the Vienna Academy in the same year and Director of the Academy in 1795. From 1806 he was also Director of the Imperial Picture Gallery. He was a very popular portrait and historical painter, a respected master of his time.

Provenance: private collection, Vienna

minov29ap17

Condition: good; in original frame

Creation Year: ca 1785

Measurements:UNFRAMED:6,7x6,7cm/2,6x2,6in FRAMED: 7,2x7,2cm/2,8x2,8in

Object Type:Framed miniature

Style: Portrait Miniatures

Technique: watercolor on ivory (round)

Inscription:verso: erroneous legend

Creator: Heinrich Friedrich Fueger

Creator Dates: 1751 Heilbronn-1818 Vienna

Nationality:German / Austrian

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