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# 42081

Johann Heinrich Schroeder "Johanna Henriette Luise Freiin von Schleinitz", pastel, 1780s

5900  EUR

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This superior quality pastel portrait of Johanna Henriette Luise Freiin (unmarried daughter of a baron) von Schleinitz (see the authentic legend on verso) was offered at November 14, 2017 auction sale of Salzburg auction house "Dorotheum". In fact, it was offered in the same lot as its counter piece - a pastel portrait of the sitter's mother, Philippine Margarethe Wilhelmine Baroness von Schleinitz, nee Westernhagen (see our web #42080). During review of the auction catalogue (and while in possession of a great number of OTHER WORKS OF THE SAME ARTIST), we immediately identified this portrait as a fully authentic and very typical creation of Germany's best, late-18th-century pastelist, Johann Heinrich Schroeder. Interestingly enough, at the same time, this pair of portraits was discovered on the Web by Mr. Neil Jeffares (CLICK HERE), who, in his turn, promptly included them into the section on Johann Heinrich Schroeder of the online edition of his "Dictionary of pastelists before 1800" (see our image nr.9).

Johanna Henriette Luise von Schleinitz was born on July 3, 1753 and died at the age of 77, in 1831. She was a daughter of the sitter in our web #42080 and her husband, Hans Christoph, Freiherr (Baron) von Schleinitz. The latter was a son of well-known diplomat, envoy of Tsar Peter the Great in Hanover, Brunswick aristocrat, Baron Hans Christoph (note the same surname!) von Schleinitz (1661-1744; see our image nr.10 and CLICK HERE). The information about this man (and our sitter's paternal grandfather) sheds new and interesting light on the ensuing narrative development.
Back in 1710, Baron Hans Christoph von Schleinitz-senior was instrumental in orchestrating the marriage of Princess Charlotte-Christine-Sophie of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel and the son of Tsar Peter the Great, Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich.
In 1711, Tsar Peter appointed his Russian envoy in Hanover - the city, in which the latter was to pave the way for the forthcoming 1715 alliance between Peter I and Georg Ludwig Elector of Hanover against Sweden. This treaty was of paramount historic importance in light of the fact that Elector of Hanover was simultaneously King George I of England.
In 1717, Peter I sent Baron von Schleinitz to France as an Envoy of Russia. In 1720, however, Prince V. L. Dolgorukov succeeded the latter in the same function.

The best German pastelist of the late 18th century Johann Heinrich Schroeder (Schröder) was born in 1757 in Meiningen, Thuringia (which was then residence town of Duchy Saxe-Meiningen). His early work shows the influence of Johann Philipp Bach who may also have taught him. However, by 1778 he had become a pupil of J.H.Tischbein in Kassel where he exhibited two works at "Junge Maler" in the Academy show in 1780: one pastel portrait, the other a Cleopatra after Titian (medium unspecified). He travelled to Hanover (ca. 1780-84), Brunswick (court artist 1785), Frankfurt, Mannheim, Dresden (1786), Kassel (1787, returning in 1804), Berlin (1789-1792 and 1793-1806). His first trip to Berlin was mentioned in a letter from January 1789 of Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel to her sister-in-law, Elisabeth Christine, Queen of Prussia.
From 1792-1793 Schroeder was in London, following the marriage of the Prussian Princess Friederike with the Duke of York; there he portrayed the Royal Family and exhibited three portraits of unnamed sitters at the Royal Academy. Returning to Germany via The Netherlands, he made a portrait of Queen Luise of Prussia which was widely copied. He was in Brunswick in 1801 before settling in his home town Meiningen after 1806. There were further trips to Bad Pyrmont (1806) and Karlsruhe (1810-1811). He also executed a series of portraits of the Baden Royal Family in the 1800s.
He died in his native town Meiningen in 1812.


Condition: good; in original Neoclassical frame

Creation Year: 1780s

Measurements: UNFRAMED:31,0x24,5cm/12,2x9,6in FRAMED: 49,5x32,0cm/19,5x12,6in

Object Type: Framed pastel

Style: Old Master drawings

Technique: pastel on vellum (oval); mounted onto stretcher by the artist)

Inscription: verso: old legend

Creator: Johann Heinrich Schroeder
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!

Creator Dates: 1757 Meiningen-1812 Meiningen

Nationality: German

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