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# 41899

Johann Henrich Schroeder (1757-1812) "Duke of Brunswyck", Fine Pastel Portrait, 1800/05

3900  EUR

( for EUR price see date rate )
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We are dealing with a very good quality pastel portrait of Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand Herzog (Duke) von Braunschweig (Brunswyck).
The sitter was born in 1735 in Wolfenbuettel and died in 1806 in Ottensen by Hamburg. He was a son of Duke Karl I of Brunswyck and Philippine Charlotte of Prussia, sister of the King Friedrich II of Prussia. As a young man he fought in the 7-year war on the Prussian side, partaking in the battles of Hastenbeck and Minden. In 1764 He married the eldest sister of King George III of England - the Princess Auguste von Hannover. The spousal relationship was a conventional one: for years Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand had a mistress, Maria Antoinette von Branconi, with whom he had a son, Count Anton Ferdinand von Forstenburg. In 1773 the sitter succeeded his father as a Duke of Brunswyck-Lueneburg. Yet his biggest passion was always the military. In 1787 he was appointed to Prussian Field Marshal. During the First Coalition War he was a Chief-Commander of the Prussian and Austrian troops that fought with French Revolutionary Army. This war's defeat was the main reason behind his decision to resign in 1794 from the post of Chief-Commander. Yet in 1806 he was reinstated in this function. In the battle of Jena and Auerstedt a sidelong approaching rifle bullet blew both of his eyes out. The Duke had to flee from the victorious French (under Napoleon I) to the neutral Danish territory. He died of his wounds in Ottensen on the 10th of November at the age of 71.

Our portrait is a work of Brunswyck court portraitist Johann Heinrich Schroeder (see our image nr.6 showing artist's own replica in the collection of "Stiftung Weimarer Klassik"). See also our web # 26505.

The best German pastelist of the late 18th century Johann Heinrich Schroeder (Schröder) was born in 1757 in Meiningen, Thuringia (which was then residence town of Duchy Saxe-Meiningen). His early work shows the influence of Johann Philipp Bach who may also have taught him. However, by 1778 he had become a pupil of J.H.Tischbein in Kassel where he exhibited two works at "Junge Maler" in the Academy show in 1780: one pastel portrait, the other a Cleopatra after Titian (medium unspecified). He travelled to Hanover (ca. 1780-84), Brunswick (court artist 1785), Frankfurt, Mannheim, Dresden (1786), Kassel (1787, returning in 1804), Berlin (1789-1792 and 1793-1806). His first trip to Berlin was mentioned in a letter from January 1789 of Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel to her sister-in-law, Elisabeth Christine, Queen of Prussia.
From 1792-1793 Schroeder was in London, following the marriage of the Prussian Princess Friederike with the Duke of York; there he portrayed the Royal Family and exhibited three portraits of unnamed sitters at the Royal Academy. Returning to Germany via The Netherlands, he made a portrait of Queen Luise of Prussia which was widely copied. He was in Brunswick in 1801 before settling in his home town Meiningen after 1806. There were further trips to Bad Pyrmont (1806) and Karlsruhe (1810-1811). He also executed a series of portraits of the Baden Royal Family in the 1800s.
He died in his native town Meiningen in 1812.

Literature: Exhibition Catalogue "Johann Heinrich Schroeder (1757-1812). Prussian Portraits" 2004, pages 54-56; Neil Jeffares "Dictionary of pastellists before 1800", London 2006, pages 483-493.


Condition: good; in original frame

Creation Year: 1800/05

Measurements: UNFRAMED:29,0x23,0cm/11,4x9,1in FRAMED: 40,7x34,5cm/16,0x13,6in

Object Type: Framed miniature

Style: Portrait miniatures

Technique: pastel on paper

Inscription: -

Creator: Johann Heinrich Schroeder
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!

Creator Dates: 1757 Meiningen-1812 Meiningen

Nationality: German


  • 2-3 days door-to-door shipment, professionally packed by Mail Boxes Etc and shipped with DHL (calculated for US): 148,61 EUR + insurance 1,8% of item price
    Shipping cost to other destinations (worldwide) on request
    Shipping price may be reduced if you dispense with the frame

  • Cheaper alternative (may be further reduced if you dispense with the frame): professionally packed by Mail Boxes Etc and shipped with regular Austrian mail - upon request under office@wilnitsky.net  (OBS: In this case maximal refunded insurance value is EUR 500 if shipping destination was the US. In Europe sometimes more, depending on destination.)


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