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Johann Heinrich Schroeder "Baroness von Reitzenstein", outstanding pastel!!, ca. 1800
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 9000 USD
( for EUR price see date rate )
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The comparison with other works of this artist (CLICK HERE, HERE and, for other works of this artist in our possession, HERE) convincingly confirms that we are dealing here with a typical and an indisputably authentic work of Germany's best 19th century pastelist Johann Heinrich Schoeder.
According to the dress of the depicted lady, this portrait was executed around 1800. The old authentic inscription on verso of this pastel provides her identity - V.(on) Reitzenstein. In that period (ca. 1800), there are records of only one woman by the name "Von Reitzenstein" and of similar (visual) age - Freifrau (Baroness) Henriette Amalier Dorothea von Reitzenstein, nee Heyden-Linden. She was born in 1771, which means that, in this portrait, she is about 30 years of age. She was a descendant of an old and noble Pomeranian family (Pomerania was then - a Prussian region; it is now bordering with Poland). Her family's residency was at the estate Tützpatz (see our image nr.8; today, it is situated in the province Mecklenburg-Vorpommern).
She was 19, when she married 24 years her senior Prussian fighting officer - Heinrich August Friedrich Freiherr (Baron) von Reitzenstein. The latter outlived her by only three months; she died on January 22 1823, while he passed away on April 18, 1823 - see our images nr.9-10). They left several children (two of their sons became - alike their father - Prussian generals).
The best German pastelist of the late 18th century Johann Heinrich Schroeder (Schröder) was born in 1757 in Meiningen, Thuringia (which was then residence town of Duchy Saxe-Meiningen). His early work shows the influence of Johann Philipp Bach who may also have taught him. However, by 1778 he had become a pupil of J.H.Tischbein in Kassel where he exhibited two works at "Junge Maler" in the Academy show in 1780: one pastel portrait, the other a Cleopatra after Titian (medium unspecified). He travelled to Hanover (ca. 1780-84), Brunswick (court artist 1785), Frankfurt, Mannheim, Dresden (1786), Kassel (1787, returning in 1804), Berlin (1789-1792 and 1793-1806). His first trip to Berlin was mentioned in a letter from January 1789 of Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel to her sister-in-law, Elisabeth Christine, Queen of Prussia.
From 1792-1793 Schroeder was in London, following the marriage of the Prussian Princess Friederike with the Duke of York; there he portrayed the Royal Family and exhibited three portraits of unnamed sitters at the Royal Academy. Returning to Germany via The Netherlands, he made a portrait of Queen Luise of Prussia which was widely copied. He was in Brunswick in 1801 before settling in his home town Meiningen after 1806. There were further trips to Bad Pyrmont (1806) and Karlsruhe (1810-1811). He also executed a series of portraits of the Baden Royal Family in the 1800s.
He died in his native town Meiningen in 1812.
Provenance: auction house "Kendzia", Hamburg, June 26, 2017, Lot 281
Neil Jeffares included this pastel in his online "Dictionary of pastellists before 1800" (see our image nr.16)
Creation Year: ca 1800
Measurements: UNFRAMED:36,2x30,4cm/14,3x12,0in FRAMED: 42,8x37,6cm/16,9x14,8in
Object Type: Framed pastel
Style: Old Master drawings
Technique: pastel on vellum (painted in oval), mounted onto stretcher
Inscription: verso is inscribed: "V. Reitzenstein"
Creator: Johann Heinrich Schroeder
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!
Creator Dates: 1757 Meiningen-1812 Meiningen
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