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# 40936

Augustin Christian Ritt-Follower "Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna", miniature, 19th century

900  EUR
FINAL DISCOUNT PRICE= 900 USD

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One more 19th century copy after famous miniature by late 18th century Russian miniaturist Augustin Christian Ritt (see our images nr.6-10 and our web #28575 ).

Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna (24 December 1784 - 24 September 1803) was a daughter of Grand Duke, later Tsar Paul I of Russia and his wife Sophie Marie Dorothea of Wuerttemberg (in Russia - Maria Fedorovna). Elena Pavlovna was born in St. Petersburg. The arrival of the second daughter was happy news to her father, who had lost his first wife Wilhelmina of Hesse-Darmstadt in childbirth, eight years before. Elena was a younger sister of Alexander I of Russia, Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia and Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia. She was also an older sister of Maria Pavlovna of Russia, Ekaterina Pavlovna of Russia, Olga Pavlovna of Russia, Anna Pavlovna of Russia, Nicholas I of Russia and Mikhail Pavlovitch of Russia. As a girl, Elena was educated privately at home, her first years' education being supervised by her paternal grandmother, the formidable Catherine II of Russia. In the late 1790s Elena was betrothed to Hereditary Prince Friedrich Ludwig of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1778-1819). He was the eldest son of Friedrich Franz I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Luise, Duchess of Saxe-Gotha. On 23 October 1799 Elena Pavlovna and Friedrich Ludwig were married at the palace of Russian Royal Residence Gatchina by St. Petersburg and soon moved to Schwerin. There she was introduced to a whole new court, quite different from the oppulence of the splendours of Saint Petersburg. She was quite content with her married life and soon after the wedding she was with child. In September 1800 she gave birth to a son, Paul Friedrich, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1837 till 1842. The year 1801 was especially hard for Elena, for she lost two close members of her family in just a few days. On 16 March her sister Alexandra Pavlovna (see our two last additional images: one with a portrait of two sisters by Vigee-Lebrun, and another - a miniature by Ritt) died in Budapest after giving birth to a daughter who also died a few days before. Just eight days later her father, the Tsar, was assassinated following a coup. The following year Elena became pregnant again and in March 1803 produced a daughter Maria. In September 1803, Elena Pavlovna fell gravely ill and died suddenly on 24 September. According to Komelova, the portrait from the Collection of Grand Duke of Hessen-Darmstadt (and, respectively, the replica from Stockholm and our miniature) was painted by Ritt in 1797-1798, namely, one or two years before Elena Pavlovna's wedding. She is depicted here as a young girl, with a red sash of the Royal St. Catherine-Order, her hair adorned with roses.

Augustin Christian Ritt (1765 St. Petersburg - 1799 St. Petersburg) was a son of a violinist of the court orchestra. He began his studies at the St.Petersburg Academy, from 1781 to 1785 was a pupil of A.B. Queertmort in Antwerp and the following year went to Paris, where he was a pupil of A.F. Vincent. In 1792 Ritt returned to St.Petersburg, had great success there and became court miniaturist and member of the Academy. In 1799 he exhibited at the Salon of Paris.
Schidlof says that Ritt can be considered as one of the greatest miniaturists of his period and can be placed in the same class as Hall and Fueger.

*Provenance: english private collection

veaug2916

Condition: good

Creation Year: 19th Century

Measurements: UNFRAMED:8,2x6,5cm/3,2x2,6in FRAMED: 14,2x10,9cm/5,6x4,3in

Object Type: Framed miniature

Style: Portrait Miniatures

Technique: watercolor on ivory

Inscription: -

Creator: Augustin Christian Ritt
To see other works by this artist click on the name above!

Creator Dates: 1765 St. Petersburg-1799 St. Petersburg

Nationality: Russian

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